Shangluo abounds in resources and is usually known as "assembly of northern and southern plants as well as species pool of northern and southern living beings". According to survey statistics provided by Northwest Institute for Botanic Research, there are more than 1200 species, including wild oil plants, fiber, starch, fruit, Chinese medicinal crops and industrial chemicals. In addition, there are tanning plants, perfume oil plants and rare, endangered plants under national protection and grazing plants. There are currently 24.04 million mu of forest land and 43.187 million cubic meters of timber stock volume, so forest coverage is 62.3%; this is one of major timer production areas in Shaanxi Province. Shangluo is a nationally known "natural drug storehouse" for 1192 species of Chinese medicinal crops, with 265 species listed in national Pharmacopeia (latest version), of which, annual purchase of 56 bulk genuine Chinese medicinal crops, such as salvia miltiorrhiza, platycodon grandiflorum, fructus forsythiae, schisandra chinensis, skullcap, gastrodia elata, radix bupleuri and honeysuckle, comes out top in Shaanxi. "Shangluo salvia miltiorrhiza" is the first group of cultivars of Chinese medicinal crops that have passed national certification and won protection by products of national geographic indication.
Shangluo is famous for forest specialties such as raw lacquer, tung tree, walnut, Chinese chestnut, grape, persimmon and agaric; in particular, outputs of walnut, Chinese chestnut and persimmon take the first place in Shaanxi, and export of walnuts accounts for one sixth of national export. There are more than 70 kinds of edible fungi in this region; those of higher economic value include ring scale fungus, fungus suillus, toadstool and chanterelle, mostly wild; artificially cultivated fungi are limited to general fungi including black fungus and shitake mushroom.