Located in the southeast of Shaanxi Province and on the south of Qinling Mountains, Shangluo borders Nanyang and Sanmenxia of Henan Province on the east, Shiyan of Hubei Province on the south, Xi’an and Ankang of Shaanxi Province on the west and southwest, and Weinan of Shaanxi Province on the north. It sits between 108°34′20″～111°1′25″ eastern longitude and 33°2′30″～34°24′40″ northern latitude, with an east-west length of about 229km, a north-south span of about 138km and a total area of 19587km2. Regions under its administration encompass Shangzhou District, 6 counties including Luonan, Danfeng, Shanyang, Shangnan, Zhen’an and Zhashui, 122 towns and 4 agency offices. Population totals up to 2.43 million. Shangzhou District, at which the Municipal Party Committee and Municipal Government are located, is 110km away from Xi’an, the capital of Shaanxi Province.
Since ancient times, Shangluo has been a strategic position of military importance. Liu Bang, emperor of Han Dynasty, took precedence over Xiang Yu, the king of Chu, in dominating China after conquering Xianyang via Shangluo; in the late Ming Dynasty, the peasant rebel leader Li Zicheng assembled his troops at Shangluo and marched directly toward Beijing via Central China; during the Chinese Revolutionary War, Shangluo was the center for Hubei-Henan-Shaanxi and Henan-Hubei-Shaanxi revolutionary base areas, where proletarian revolutionists of older generation, such as Li Xiannian, Xu Xiangqian, He Long, Wang Zhen and Xu Haidong had fought bloody battles and sowed revolutionary seeds.
Historically, Shangluo was a thoroughfare connecting northwest to southeast and was blessed with profound historic and cultural deposits. Poetic masters, such as Li Bai, Bai Juyi, Han Yu and Du Mu, had once made their homes in Shangluo and left behind plenty of popular poems and prose. Jia Pingwa, a famous modern writer, was born in Dihua Town, Danfeng County by the river of Dan.
Spanning Yangtze and Yellow River watersheds, Shangluo sits in a transitional zone from warm temperate zone to sub-tropic zone and belongs to semi-humid mountain climate with mild climate, abundant rainfall and distinct seasons. Unique geographic and climatic conditions have endowed Shangluo with good ecological environment and rich resources of minerals, biodiversity and tourism. Currently in this city, there are 24.04 million mu of woodland, 108 places of 46 minerals that are already proven and listed in mineral reserves of Shaanxi, 35 large mineral deposits with potential value exceeding RMB340 billion yuan. More than 260 species of agricultural and forestry specialties are growing in the territory, including wild fiber, amylum and oil plants. Shangluo is known usually as “Drug Storehouse of Qinling Mountains” due to its storage of 1192 varieties of Chinese herbal medicines, including 265 bulk genuine Chinese medicinal crops.
Shangluo abounds in ecotourism resource. Peculiar mountains, peaks, gorges, rivers, trees and natural landscapes are found everywhere within the territory. It has 48 nature reserves and rare animal protection zones in addition to well-known such scenic spots as Jinsi Gorge in Shangnan, Muwang in Zhen’an, Niubeiliang in Zhashui and Tianzhu Mountain in Shanyang; all these attractions are ideal places for sightseeing, summer resort, recreation and holidays. With improved infrastructures of transportation, power supply and communication, Shangluo is integrated into Xi’an One-hour Economic Circle; Shangluo-Danfeng Circular Economy Industrial Park is ratified as a province-level industrial park; and Shangluo is incorporated into Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone, thanks to its good ecological environment, advantageous resource condition, potential geographical advantage, vigor and vitality of leapfrog development.